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        城市景觀園林工程設計特點

        來源:http://www.ultimateslotcar.com/news/630.html  更新時間:2023-05-27
        (一)隨意性強
        (1) Strong arbitrariness
        城市園林的功能是提供城市居民觀景和休閑娛樂的場所,工程設計擁有很大的空間,沒有固定的衡量標準和建材限制。這可以在設計過程中充分調動設計人員的創意和主觀能動性,運用自己的審美角度在城市中展現園林中的自然風光。城市園林的最高境界是天然去雕飾的自然性,既要做到別出心裁,又要迎合大眾最普遍的審美需求,融合進自然生態的觀念,這都依靠設計和施工人員對經管的敏感度做出判定。
        The function of urban gardens is to provide a place for urban residents to observe and relax, and the engineering design has a large space without fixed measurement standards and building material restrictions. This can fully mobilize the creativity and subjective initiative of designers in the design process, and use their own aesthetic perspective to showcase the natural scenery in the garden in the city. The highest realm of urban gardens is the natural nature of natural decor, which should not only be unique, but also cater to the most common aesthetic needs of the public, integrating the concept of natural ecology. This all depends on the sensitivity of design and construction personnel to management to make judgments.
        (二)以生態為核心
        (2) Taking ecology as the core
        現在我們所倡導的一個觀念是全新的生態審美觀。在園林設計中還原
        The concept we advocate now is a brand new ecological aesthetic. Restoring in Landscape Design
        自然生態的真實之美,成為現代園林設計的一個趨勢。按照生態學的規則對園林進行設計和規劃,追求城市景觀與自然生態景觀的高度融合,將園林藝術引領向與生態美學在形式、功能和思想內涵上的統一。
        The true beauty of natural ecology has become a trend in modern landscape design. Design and plan gardens according to the rules of ecology, pursuing a high degree of integration between urban landscapes and natural ecological landscapes, and guiding garden art towards the unity of form, function, and ideological connotation with ecological aesthetics.
        (三)發掘民族文化資源
        (3) Explore ethnic cultural resources
        民族文化資源是城市園林景觀設計中的一個重要元素,可以弘揚當地文化的特色,增強本地居民的歸屬感,同時對外宣傳地方特色,發揮對城市更大的提升作用,符合本行業的發展趨勢。
        Ethnic cultural resources are an important element in urban landscape design, which can promote the characteristics of local culture, enhance the sense of belonging of local residents, and promote local characteristics to the outside world, playing a greater role in enhancing the city, in line with the development trend of this industry.
        二、現代景觀園林設計中存在的問題
        2、 Problems in Modern Landscape Architecture Design
        濟南園林景觀設計
        (一)植物配置不合理
        (1) Unreasonable plant configuration
        城市僅不管園林設計需要考慮很多因素,包括土地格局、自然過程和技術使用。一部分設計師在進行園林設計時,對植物配置的合理性不夠重視,對本地土壤環境、水文環境、氣候特點沒有進行充分的考慮,不選擇具有優勢的本地樹種,奉行價值至上,弱化了鮮明的地域特色,同時導致了資源浪費。此外灌木、喬木和草本植物應該帶園林中合理分布和配置,物種單一、層次不明不利于生態沒血的觀念,也大大影響了城市園林的觀賞價值。
        Urban landscape design alone requires considering many factors, including land pattern, natural processes, and technological use. Some designers do not attach enough importance to the rationality of plant configuration in landscape design, and do not fully consider the local soil environment, hydrological environment, and climate characteristics. They do not choose advantageous local tree species and adhere to the principle of value first, which weakens the distinct regional characteristics and leads to resource waste. In addition, shrubs, trees, and herbaceous plants should be reasonably distributed and configured in the garden. The concept of single species and unclear levels is not conducive to ecological bloodlessness, which greatly affects the ornamental value of urban gardens.
        (二)
        (II)
        規劃設計重復單一近年,我國出現了一大批優秀的城市園林,但同時,我國風景園林也被大量的復制,被復制的園林往往具有強烈的地域特色,它們在被復制的同時,對其地域特色進行了弱化,并不能展出移植地的地域特色和人文特點,這對移植地是不負責任的,對設計者也會造成打擊。對優秀園林的造景手法,我們不僅僅要模仿和繼承,更要深入研究使其發揚光大,這樣才有利于城市園林景觀設計行業的良性發展。
        In recent years, a large number of excellent urban gardens have appeared in China due to the duplication of planning and design. At the same time, landscape architecture in China have also been copied in large numbers. The copied gardens often have strong regional characteristics. While being copied, they weaken their regional characteristics and cannot display the regional and cultural characteristics of the transplant site. This is irresponsible for the transplant site and will also cause a blow to the designers. We should not only imitate and inherit the landscaping techniques of excellent gardens, but also conduct in-depth research to promote them, which is conducive to the healthy development of the urban landscape design industry.
        (三)缺乏復合型景觀園林照明設計的人才
        (3) Lack of talents in complex landscape and garden lighting design
        城市園林設計行業隨著我國城市化進程的加快,迅速發展,職位需求帶動國內一批高校伸直了相關專業,填補園林設計行業的人才空缺。但是,專業具有局限性,復合型景觀園林照明設計的人才在全國范圍內普遍缺乏,導致了城市園林夜間的景觀效果大打折扣。
        With the acceleration of urbanization in China, the urban landscape design industry has developed rapidly, and the demand for positions has driven a group of domestic universities to expand their relevant majors, filling the talent gap in the landscape design industry. However, the profession has limitations, and talent for composite landscape lighting design is generally lacking nationwide, resulting in a significant discount to the nighttime landscape effect of urban gardens.
        三、現代景觀園林設計對策分析<br/>我國城市景觀園林設計行業是隨著商業的繁榮發展起來的,但隨之而來的是很多弊端,很多開發商注重的是商業價值的炒作而非藝術角度的眼光,導致許多優秀的作品被埋沒,我們要從諸多的阻礙之中,尋找現代園林景觀設計的發展道路現代景觀園林設計應該在借鑒優秀作品的同時,充分考慮本地區的特色,因地制宜,同時,結合當地人們的行為習慣,加入本土特色或民族元素。弘揚當地的人文精神,增強園林的吸引力
        3、 Analysis of Modern Landscape Architecture Design Countermeasures<br/>The urban landscape architecture design industry in China has developed with the prosperity of commerce, but with it comes many drawbacks. Many developers focus on commercial value hype rather than artistic perspectives, resulting in many excellent works being buried. We need to overcome many obstacles, Looking for the development path of modern landscape design, modern landscape design should not only draw on excellent works, but also fully consider the characteristics of the region, adapt to local conditions, and combine local people's behavior habits to incorporate local characteristics or ethnic elements. Promote the local humanistic spirit and enhance the attractiveness of gardens
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