1 定點放樣 根據設計要求對塑石假山定點定位，采用網格法在現場 確定山體的外輪廊線及水平點，沿輪廓線放出基礎的挖土線。
1. Fixed point layout: According to the design requirements, the plastic stone rockery is positioned at a fixed point. The grid method is used to determine the outer contour line and horizontal points of the mountain on site, and the excavation line of the foundation is set out along the contour line.
2 基礎工程 山體基礎多為磚基、砼基或鋼砼基，澆筑基礎前應按山 體的外輪廓線支模及配筋，嚴格控制山體基礎的外形尺寸，以 免影響樹木配置種植。澆筑時應埋好鋼材主骨架的預埋鐵件和 鋼砼骨架柱的預留鋼筋，并控制好柱間的間距和軸線位置。
2. Foundation engineering: The mountain foundation is mostly made of brick foundation, concrete foundation, or steel concrete foundation. Before pouring the foundation, the formwork and reinforcement should be supported according to the outer contour of the mountain, and the external dimensions of the mountain foundation should be strictly controlled to avoid affecting the planting of trees. During pouring, the embedded iron parts of the steel main skeleton and the reserved steel bars of the steel concrete skeleton column should be buried, and the spacing and axis position between the columns should be controlled.
3 主體骨架 塑石假山的主體骨架一般為磚砌體和鋼砼柱及鋼型材骨
The main framework of the plastic stone rockery is generally composed of brick masonry, steel concrete columns, and steel profiles
3.1磚砌體骨架 依照風格定位線在基礎上彈出山體外輪廊線，按輪廊線 內砌筑墻體，砌體用磚需澆水濕潤。用1:3 水泥砂漿砌筑， 砌筑密實度和粘結度應符合建筑砌體規范要求。立面按設計要 求進行局部外挑式內凹，幅度大的應設置鋼筋以增加砌體的鋼 性及穩固性。
3.1 Brick masonry skeleton: Based on the style positioning line, snap out the outer contour line of the mountain on the foundation, and build the wall according to the contour line. The bricks used for masonry need to be watered and wetted. Use 1:3 cement mortar for masonry, and the compactness and adhesion of the masonry should meet the requirements of building masonry specifications. The facade shall be locally cantilevered and concave according to the design requirements, and steel bars shall be installed for larger areas to increase the rigidity and stability of the masonry.
3.2 鋼型材骨架 山體中常用的鋼型材骨架有槽鋼和角鋼，應根據山體造 型的體量大小和高低要求，定出每根鋼柱的長度尺寸并編號， 按編號進行逐根焊接和橫梁、挑梁的焊接，焊接質量應符合規 范要求，焊接施工完后應對整體骨架做防銹和防腐處理。
3.2 Steel Profile Skeleton The commonly used steel profile skeletons in the mountain include channel steel and angle steel. The length and size of each steel column should be determined and numbered according to the size and height requirements of the mountain shape. Welding and welding of beams and cantilever beams should be carried out one by one according to the number. The welding quality should meet the requirements of the specifications. After the welding construction is completed, the overall skeleton should be treated with rust prevention and anti-corrosion.
3.3 次骨架及細部造型 塑石假山中的次骨架與強部造型用料，一般用園鋼和線 材。在連接主骨架間表面的同時著力推敲塑石結構主次關系和 高低起伏的變化效果，在山體中慎重地構劃出山體、山脈的質 感與瀑布、溪流、樹木的協調。巧妙藝術地留設植物種植穴， 植物種植穴的位置應錯落有致，力求自然。
3.3 The materials used for the secondary skeleton and strong part of the plastic stone rockery in the secondary skeleton and detailed modeling are generally made of round steel and wire. While connecting the surfaces between the main skeletons, we focus on exploring the primary and secondary relationships of the plastic stone structure and the effect of fluctuations in height. We carefully delineate the texture of the mountains and the coordination with waterfalls, streams, and trees in the mountains. Cleverly and artistically setting up plant planting holes, the positions of plant planting holes should be arranged in a staggered manner, striving for naturalness.
4 鋼網綁扎 在鋼筋網格表面綁扎鋼網前，先把鋼網剪成3-5 小片，依照鋼筋網格的高低起伏逐塊綁扎固定，再根據設計山體質感紋理的造型要求，進行局部敲壓修整處理。
4. Steel mesh binding: Before binding the steel mesh on the surface of the steel mesh, first cut the steel mesh into 3-5 small pieces and fix them one by one according to the height fluctuation of the steel mesh. Then, according to the design requirements for the texture and texture of the mountain body, perform local tapping and trimming treatment.
5 掛漿打底 水泥砂漿加入適量纖維性附料及107建筑 膠水，以增加山石表面抗拉強度和砂漿的粘韌性，山體外挑部 位的底部掛漿，應在鋼網上面鋪掛，砂漿應掛滿整個網面，打 底掛漿施工完24 小時后進行不間斷澆水養護。
5. Add an appropriate amount of fibrous additives and 107 building adhesive to the bottom cement mortar for hanging slurry to increase the tensile strength of the stone surface and the adhesive toughness of the mortar. The bottom hanging slurry of the overhanging part of the mountain should be laid on the steel mesh, and the mortar should be hung over the entire mesh surface. After 24 hours of construction, the bottom hanging slurry should be continuously watered and maintained.
6 山體紋理粗造型 造型方法有增設鋼網、砌磚、塑粉水泥砂等。根據設計 要求及整體塑山風格，對山體中的山脈、峰巒、洞穴、溪流、 斷層、壁頂、石紋等外部輪廓進行粗步造型制作，整體效果達 到造型自然、比例適當、整體連貫性強。
The methods for rough modeling of mountain texture include adding steel mesh, laying bricks, and using plastic powder cement sand. According to the design requirements and overall mountain shaping style, rough steps are taken to shape the external contours of mountains, peaks, caves, streams, faults, wall tops, stone patterns, etc. in the mountain, achieving a natural shape, appropriate proportion, and strong overall coherence.
7 山體面層 按假山整體造型表面塑粉一層20 毫米厚的1:2.5 水泥 砂漿，并塑粉出山石的質感紋理。待砂漿未完全凝結時，用鐵 抹子及溝縫刀等塑石專用工具進行山體表面造皴處理。
The surface layer of the 7th mountain is shaped according to the overall shape of the rockery, with a layer of 20mm thick 1:2.5 cement mortar coated with plastic powder, and the texture texture of the stone is formed by the plastic powder. When the mortar is not fully set, use plastic and stone tools such as an iron trowel and a groove cutter to make cracks on the surface of the mountain.