The rockery stacking method is used to install and connect the middle layer of the rockery when the base layer of the rockery is well prepared in the production of garden rockeries. The rockery connection methods used in the production of garden rockeries include 23 connection methods, such as installation, pressing, staggering, erecting, connecting, clamping, lifting, floating, top, bucket, bond, card, holder, sword, tenon, brace, and joint. This article will introduce several process techniques that are frequently used.
"An" is the method of stacking stones by placing one or more stones on top of another. The word "An" here also means "stable", which means that the mountain stones that are laid flat should be placed stably and cannot be shaken, and the unstable places under the stones should be firmly braked with stone stripping. The "safety" technique is mainly used in places where the foot of the mountain is required to be empty or where an eye needs to be made under the stone. According to the number of supporting stones under the Anshi, this technique can be divided into three forms: single safety, double safety, and triple safety. Shan An: It is to place the mountain stone on a supporting stone. Shuang'an: It is a form of placing mountain stones with two supporting stones as feet. San'an: Placing Anshi flat on three separate supporting stones is San'an. The San'an technique can also be used to set garden stone tables and benches.
In order to stabilize the rockery cliff or balance the overhanging rocks, use heavy stones to suppress the rear of the cliff or the overhanging rocks. This method of stacking stones is called "pressing". When pressing, it is necessary to pay attention to placing the center of gravity of the heavy stone at a suitable position at the rear of the rock, so that it can not only compact the rock, but also prevent the rock from tilting due to being pressed too far back. "Dislocation" refers to the staggered stacking of stones, where the mountain stones and the lower stones are stacked in a staggered manner rather than being stacked in a flat manner. The "wrong" technique can make more changes to the stacked stones, making it easier for the surface of the stacked masonry to form grooves, bumps, and uneven physical features, making the mountain image more vivid and natural.
The technique of overlapping stones by crossing the separated rocks on both sides below them with elongated or plate-shaped stones and covering them is called "overlapping". The technique of "building" is mainly applied to making stone bridges on rockeries and coping with caves. The shape of the mountain stones used must avoid rules, and long stones with natural shapes should be used. "Lian" refers to the horizontal connection between mountains and stones, known as "Lian". The shape of the stubble and the wrinkles on the stone surface of the connected rocks at their joints should match each other as much as possible to achieve a perfect fit. In most cases, only a basic match is required. The purpose of matching is not only to achieve the integrity of the appearance of the mountain stone, but also to achieve a structural integration. The cement mortar in the stubble must be filled fully, and the joint surface should change with the stone shape, and be plastered into a flat joint to facilitate the complete formation of the rock as a whole.
[Clip] Between the upper and lower layers of rock, insert small pieces of rock and fix them with cement mortar to create caves and holes between the two layers of rock. This technique is called the "pinch" method of stacking stones, characterized by two stones being sandwiched up and down, and the holes made are like horizontal slots. In addition, inserting small stones between two upright peak stones and fixing them is also a "pinch" method. The characteristic of this "pinch" method is that the two stones are sandwiched between the left and right, and the resulting holes are mainly strongly oriented slots. The technique of "clipping" is one of the main methods of making eyes in rockery modeling.
"Overhang", also known as "overhanging", "overhanging", or "overhanging", refers to the use of long shaped rocks as overhanging stones, which extend laterally beyond the underlying rocks, and the underlying rocks support the weight. Then, another heavy stone is used to press the rear end of the overhanging stone to make the overhanging stone evenly lift out. This is a widely used method for stacking rocks on various types of rockeries. In overhanging, the overhang length of the stone can generally be one-third to two-thirds of its own length. If one layer is not far enough, you can continue to pick one or several layers. In terms of modern rockery construction technology, it is generally possible to pick out more than 2 meters. The key to a successful challenge lies in the fact that the rear end of the challenge must be tightly pressed with heavy stones, which is what Ji Cheng of the Ming Dynasty called the "equal division balance method" when talking about making rockery cliffs